Una mirada crítica a la frecuencia de la deshonestidad académica del estudiantado universitario en cinco décadas
Portada R|EDUCA 4(1)
PDF
ePub

Palabras clave

academic dishonesty
academic fraud
university
college or univeristy student deshonestidad académica
fraude académico
universidad
estudiantado universitario

Cómo citar

Medina-Díaz, M. del R., & Verdejo-Carrión, A. L. (2021). Una mirada crítica a la frecuencia de la deshonestidad académica del estudiantado universitario en cinco décadas. Revista De Educación De Puerto Rico (REduca), 4(1), 1-29. Recuperado a partir de https://revistas.upr.edu/index.php/educacion/article/view/18760

Resumen

La frecuencia de la deshonestidad académica en las universidades suele destacarse con el porcentaje del estudiantado que admite uno o más comportamientos asociados en las encuestas realizadas. Los resultados se tienden a magnificar y comparar sin tomar en cuenta varios asuntos metodológicos que merecen mayor análisis y que se exponen en este trabajo: (a) las preguntas en el cuestionario administrado, (b) el modo de reportar la frecuencia de comportamientos de deshonestidad académica, (c) el marco temporal de las preguntas, (d) el tamaño de la muestra y (e) la administración del instrumento. Revisamos 38 informes de encuestas realizadas en 23 países, publicadas entre los años 1970 y 2020, considerando estos asuntos. Estos generan la diversidad de porcentajes reportados y que requieren atención y prudencia en la información provista acerca de la frecuencia o incidencia de comportamientos asociados a la deshonestidad académica en el estudiantado universitario.

PDF
ePub

Citas

Abdulghani, H. M., Haque, S., Almusalam, Y. A., Alanezi, S. L., Almusalam, Y. A., Irshad, M., Shalk, S. A. & Khamis, N. (2018). Self-reported cheating among medical students: An alarming finding in a cross-sectional study from Saudi Arabia. PLoS ONE, 13(3). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0194963

Abdulranhman, M., Alsalehi, S., Husain, Z. S. M., Nair, S. C. & Carrik, F. R. (2017). Professionalism among multicultural students in the United Arab Emirates. Medical Education Online, 22(1), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1080/10872981.2017.1372669

Ayala-Gaytán, E. A. & Quintanilla-Domínguez, C. L. (2014). Attitudes and causes of cheating among Mexican college students: An exploratory research. magis, Revista Internacional de Investigación en Educación, 6(13), 17-30. https://doi.org/10.11144/Javeriana.M6-13.ACCM

Balbuena, S. E. & Lamela, R. A. (2015). Prevalence, motives and views of academic dishonesty in higher education. Asia-Pacific Journal of Multidisciplinary Research, 3(2), 69-75. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/318959827_Prevalence_Motives_and_Views_of_Academic_Dishonesty_in_Higher_Education

Bjorklund, M. & Wenestam, C-W. (1999, septiembre). Academic cheating: Frequency, methods and causes. Presentado en la European Conference on Educational Research, Lahti, Finlandia. http://www.leeds.ac.uk/educol/documents/00001364.htm

Bowers, W. J. (1964). Student dishonesty and its control in college (Cooperative Research Project No. OE 1672). Bureau of Applied Social Research, Columbia University.

Brown, B. & Emmett, D. (2001). Explaining variations in the level of academic dishonesty in studies of college students: Some new evidence. College Student Journal, 35(4), 529.

Campbell, W. G., & Koch, H. L. (1930). Student honesty in a university with an honor system. School and Society, 31(790), 232-240.

Carpenter, D. D., Harding, T. S., Finelli, C. J., Montgomery, S. M. & Passow, H. J. (2006). Engineering students’ perceptions of and attitudes towards cheating. Journal of Engineering Education, 95(3), 181-194. http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/55269

Choi, J. (2019). Cheating behaviors and related factors at a Korean dental school. Korean Journal of Medical Education, 31(3), 239-249. https://dx.doi.org/10.3946%2Fkjme.2019.134

Christensen Hudges, J. M. & McCabe, D. L. (2006). Understanding academic misconduct. Canadian Journal of Higher Education, 36(1), 49-63. https://doi.org/10.47678/cjhe.v36i1.183525

Cizek, G. J. (1999). Cheating on tests: How to do it, detect it, and prevent it. Lawrence Erlbaum.

Da Costa, I. C. B., Martins, M. S., Mata-Virgem, S. F., Rolim, C. E. C., Santana, L. R., Bataglia, P. U. R., Silvany Neto, A. M., & Pena, P. G. L. (2006). Má práctica acad‏êmica por estudantes de Medicina: Estudo piloto. Gazeta Médica da Bahia, 76(2), 29-37. http://www.gmbahia.ufba.br/adm/arquivos/artigo04_20062.pdf

Desalegn, A. A. & Berhan, A. (2014). Cheating on examinations and its predictors among undergraduate students at Hawassa University College of Medicine and Health Science, Hawassa Ethiopia. BMC Medical Education, 14, 89. https://doi.org/10.1186/1472-6920-14-89

Díaz Castellanos, E. E., Díaz Ramos, C., Díaz Castellanos, K. & Franco Zanatta, M. (2015). Ética: ¿cuál es la percepción de los jóvenes universitarios? Revista de Estudios y Experiencias en Educación, 14(27), 137-146. https://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/articulo?codigo=5287429

Diez-Martínez, E. (2014). Deshonestidad académica de alumnos y profesores: Su contribución en la desvinculación moral y corrupción social. Sinéctica, 44, 1-17. https://sinectica.iteso.mx/index.php/SINECTICA/article/view/161

Dillman, D. A. (2007). Mail and internet surveys: The tailored design method (2da. ed.). John Wiley & Sons.

Franklyn-Stokes, A. & Newstead, S. E. (1995). Undergraduate cheating: Who does what and why? Studies in Higher Education, 20(2), 159-172. https://doi.org/10.1080/03075079512331381673

Giluk, T. L. & Postlethwaite, B. E. (2015). Big five personality and academic dishonesty: A meta-analytic review. Personality and Individual Differences, 72, 59-67. https://psycnet.apa.org/doi/10.1016/j.paid.2014.08.027

Griebeler, M. C. (2017). Friendship and in-class academic dishonesty. Economic Letters, 150, 1-3. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.econlet.2016.10.040

Hollingher, R. C. & Lanza-Kaduce, L. (2009). Academic dishonesty and the perceived effectiveness of countermeasures: An empirical survey of cheating at a major public university. NASPA Journal, 46(4), 587-602. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.2202/1949-6605.5033

Houston, J. P. (1986). Survey corroboration of experimental findings on cheating behavior. College Student Journal, 20, 168-173.

Jendrek, M. P. (1989). Faculty reactions to academic dishonesty. Journal of College Student Development, 30(5), 401-406.

Kasler, J. & Hen, M. & Sharabi-Nov, A. (2019). Academic integrity in higher education: The case of a medium-size college in the Galilee, Israel. Journal of Academic Ethics, 17, 151–167. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10805-018-9307-4

Ledesma, R. G. (2011). Academic dishonesty among undergraduate students in a Korean university. Research in World Economy, 2(2), 25-35. https://doi.org/10.5430/rwe.v2n2p25

Liebler, R. (2016). Collecting and reporting self-reports of the number of times cheated. College Student Journal, 50(1), 95-101.

Liebler, R. (2017). Estimates of the average number of times students say they cheated. College Student Journal, 51(3), 323-328.

Lim, V. K. G. & See, S. K. B. (2001). Attitudes toward, and intentions to report, academic cheating among students in Singapore. Ethics & Behavior, 11(3), 261-274. https://doi.org/10.1207/S15327019EB1103_5

Lin, C-H. S. & Wen, L-Y. M. (2007). Academic dishonesty in higher education-a nationwide study in Taiwan. Higher Education, 54, 85-97. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10734-006-9047-z

Lupton, R. A., Chapman, K. J. & Weiss, J. E. (2000). International perspective: A cross-national exploration of business students’ attitudes, perceptions, and tendencies toward academic dishonesty. Journal of Education for Business, 75(4), 231-235. https://doi.org/10.1080/08832320009599020

Ma, Y., McCabe, D. L. & Liu, R. (2013). Students’ academic cheating in Chinese universities: Prevalence, influencing factors and proposed action. Journal of Academic Ethics, 11(3), 169-184. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10805-013-9186-7

Marsden, H., Carroll, M. & Neill, J. T. (2005). Who cheats at university? A self-report of dishonest academic behaviors in a sample of Australian university students. Australian Journal of Psychology, 57(1), 1-10.

Martínez, A., Borjas, M. & Andrade, J. J. (2015). El fraude académico universitario: El caso de una universidad privada en la ciudad de Barranquilla. Zona Próxima, 23, 1-17. http://dx.doi.org/10.14482/zp.23.7184

Martínez, L. & Ramírez, E. R. (2018). Fraude académico en universitarios en Colombia: ¿Qué tan crónica es la enfermedad? Educação e Pesquisa,44, 19 pp. http://www.scielo.br/pdf/ep/v44/1517-9702-ep-S1517-9702201706157079.pdf

McCabe, D. L. (1992). The influence of situational ethics on cheating among college students. Sociological Inquiry, 62(3), 365-374. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-682X.1992.tb00287.x

McCabe, D. L. (1993). Faculty responses to academic dishonesty: The influence of students honor codes. Research in Higher Education, 34(5), 647-658.

McCabe, D. L. & Trevino, L. K. (1993). Academic dishonesty: Honor codes and other contextual influences. Journal of Higher Education, 64(5), 522-538. https://doi.org/10.2307/2959991

McCabe, D. L. & Trevino, L. K. (1997). Individual and contextual influences on academic dishonesty: A multi-campus investigation. Research in Higher Education,38, 379-395. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1024954224675

Medina Díaz, M. del R. (2010). Construcción de cuestionarios para la investigación educativa. ExPERTS Consultants.

Medina Díaz, M. del R. & Verdejo Carrión, A. L. (2005). Encuesta acerca de la deshonestidad académica estudiantil en la Universidad de Puerto Rico, Recinto de Río Piedras, Pedagogía, 38, 179-204.

Medina Díaz, M. del R. & Verdejo Carrión, A. L. (2008). Percepciones de la facultad acerca de la deshonestidad académica estudiantil en la Universidad de Puerto Rico, Recinto de Río Piedras. Pedagogía, 41, 149-172. https://revistas.upr.edu/index.php/educacion/article/view/16681

Medina Díaz, M. del R. & Verdejo Carrión, A. L. (2016, junio). Una mirada a la deshonestidad académica y el plagio estudiantil en algunas universidades de siete países de América Latina. Ponencia en Virtual Educa 2016-Puerto Rico. http://acceso.virtualeduca.red/documentos/ponencias/puerto-rico/1491-5cac.pdf

Medina Díaz, M. del R. & Verdejo Carrión, A. L. (2019). Segunda encuesta de la deshonestidad académica estudiantil en el Recinto de Río Piedras de la Universidad de Puerto Rico. Revista de Educación de Puerto Rico, 2(2), 1-37. https://revistas.upr.edu/index.php/educacion/article/view/16550

Mejía, J. F. & Ordóñez, C. L. (2004). El fraude académico en la Universidad de los Andes: ¿Qué, qué tanto y por qué? Revista de Ciencias Sociales, 18, 13-25. https://doi.org/10.7440/res18.2004.01

Miller, A., Shoptaugh, C. & Parkeson, A. (2008). Under reporting of cheating research in using volunteer college students. College Student Journal, 42(2), 326-339.

Murdock, T. B. & Anderman, E. M. (2006). Motivational perspectives on student cheating: Toward an integrated model of academic dishonesty. Educational Psychologist, 41(3), 129-145. https://psycnet.apa.org/doi/10.1207/s15326985ep4103_1

Newstead, S. E., Franklyn-Stokes, A. & Armstead, P. (1996). Individual differences in student cheating. Journal of Educational Psychology, 88(2), 229-241. https://psycnet.apa.org/doi/10.1037/0022-0663.88.2.229

Nisbett, R. E. & Wilson, T. D. (1977). Telling more than we can know: Verbal reports on mental processes. Psychological Review, 84(3), 231-259. http://web.csulb.edu/~cwallis/382/readings/482/nisbett%20saying%20more.pdf

Parr, F. W. (1936). The problem of student honesty. Journal of Higher Education, 7(6), 318-326. https://doi.org/10.1080/00221546.1936.11772825

Petrak, O. & Bartolac, A. (2014). Academic dishonesty amongst the students of health studies. Croatian Journal of Education, 16(1), 81-117. https://hrcak.srce.hr/120169

Pino, N. W. & Smith, W. L. (2003). College students and academic dishonesty. College Student Journal, 37(4), 490-500. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/284701479_College_students_and_academic_dishonesty

Polese, A., Stepurko, T., Oksamytna, S., Kerikmae, T., Chochia, A. & Levenets, O. (2018). Informality and Ukrainian higher educational institutions: Happy together? Policy Futures in Education, 16(4), 482–500. https://doi.org/10.1177/1478210318758812

Premeaux, S. R. (2005). Undergraduate student perceptions regarding cheating: Tier 1 versus Tier 2 AACSB accredited business schools. Journal of Business Ethics, 62, 407-418. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10551-005-2585-y

Quintos, M. A. M. (2017). A study on the prevalence and correlates of academic dishonesty in four undergraduate degree programs. Asia Pacific Journal of Multidisciplinary Research, 5(1), 135-154. http://www.apjmr.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/APJMR-2017.5.1.2.15.pdf

Schwarz, N. & Oyserman, D. (2001). Asking questions about behavior: Cognition, communication, and questionnaire construction. American Journal of Evaluation, 22(2), 127-160. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F109821400102200202

Schnepp, A. F. (1940). College students’ principles of honesty. Journal of Higher Education, 11(2), 81-84. https://doi.org/10.1080/00221546.1940.11773024

Siniver, E. (2013). Cheating on exams: The case of Israeli students. College Student Journal, 47(4), 593-604.

Smith, C. P., Ryan, E. R. & Diggins, D. R. (1972). Moral decision making: Cheating on examinations. Journal of Personality, 40(4), 640-660. https://psycnet.apa.org/doi/10.1111/j.1467-6494.1972.tb00085.x

Stern, E. B. & Havlicek, L. (1986). Academic misconduct: Results of a faculty and undergraduate student surveys. Journal of Allied Health, 15(2), 129-142.

Sureda Negre, J., Comas Forgas, R. & Gili Planas, M. (2009). Practicas académicas deshonestas en el desarrollo de exámenes entre el alumnado universitario español. Estudios sobre Educación, 17, 103-122. https://doi.org/10.15581/004.17.%25p

Tapia Tovar, E., Sánchez García, O. & Alejo López, S. J. (2018). Percepción de la corrupción académica entre estudiantes universitarios. Mitos y realidades. En S. Inclán & M. Merino (Coords.), Las ciencias sociales y la agenda nacional: Reflexiones y propuestas desde las ciencias sociales (Vol. 7: Corrupción, impunidad, estado de derecho y reforma judicial, pp. 31-55). Consejo Mexicano de Ciencias Sociales. https://www.comecso.com/ciencias-sociales-agenda-nacional/cs/article/view/901

Teodorescu, D. & Andrei, T. (2009). Faculty and peer influences on academic integrity: College cheating in Romania. Higher Education, 57, 267-282. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10734-008-9143-3

Tourangeu, R., Rips, L. J. & Rasinski, K. (2000). The psychology of survey response. Cambridge University Press.

Trost, K. (2009). Psst, have you ever cheated? A study of academic dishonesty in Sweden. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 34(4), 367-376. https://doi.org/10.1080/02602930801956067

Vaamonde, J. D., & Alicia, O. (2008). La deshonestidad académica como un constructo multidimensional. Revista Latinoamericana de Estudios Educativos (México), 38(3–4), 7–27. https://www.redalyc.org/pdf/270/27012440002.pdf

Ventura, A. C., Biagioni, F., Bozocovich, N. & Borgobello, A. (2012). Estudio exploratorio de prácticas académicas deshonestas en exámenes de estudiantes universitarios. IV Congreso Internacional de Investigación y Práctica Profesional en Psicología XIX Jornadas de Investigación VIII Encuentro de Investigadores en Psicología del MERCOSUR. Facultad de Psicología-Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires. https://www.aacademica.org/000-072/517.pdf

Ward, D. A. (1986). Self-esteem and dishonest behavior revisited. The Journal of Social Psychology, 126(6), 709-713. https://psycnet.apa.org/doi/10.1080/00224545.1986.9713652

Williams, K. M., Nathanson, C. & Paulhus, D. L. (2010). Identifying and profiling scholastic cheaters: The personality, cognitive ability and motivation. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 16(3), 293-307. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0020773

Yardley, J., Domenech Rodríguez, M., Bates, S. C. & Nelson, J. (2009). True confessions? Alumni’s retrospective reports on undergraduate cheating behaviors. Ethics and Behavior, 19(1), 1-14. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10508420802487096

Creative Commons License

Esta obra está bajo una licencia internacional Creative Commons Atribución-NoComercial 4.0.

Derechos de autor 2021 Array

Descargas

Los datos de descargas todavía no están disponibles.