Diez Fundamentos Básicos de la Neurociencia para la Psicología

Palabras clave

mind neurociencia

Cómo citar

Cruz-Bermúdez, N. D. (2014). Diez Fundamentos Básicos de la Neurociencia para la Psicología. Revista Griot, 3(2), 19-36. Recuperado a partir de https://revistas.upr.edu/index.php/griot/article/view/1876


Distintos científicos y profesionales de la salud mental han discutido algunas implicaciones de las investigaciones en el campo de la neurociencia para la psicología y ciencias afines. Basado en esas observaciones, este artículo presenta 10 fundamentos básicos de la neurociencia para la psicología, a saber: (1) todos los procesos mentales son operaciones cerebrales; (2) los genes establecen conexiones específicas en el cerebro, pero la experiencia modifica esas conexiones; (3) nuestra mente puede cambiar porque el cerebro es plástico; (4) el aprendizaje y las memorias existen en el cerebro; (5) los factores sociales y ambientales contribuyen al desarrollo de enfermedades mentales; (6) las emociones no pueden separarse de la cognición ni del razonamiento; (7) el apego es importante para generar cambios en el cerebro; (8) la imaginación es clave para el aprendizaje; (9) el cerebro maneja información tanto a nivel consciente como inconsciente; y (10) la aplicabilidad del conocimiento neurocientífico a la psicología tiene un componente ético. La práctica de la psicología puede fortalecerse integrando más cursos de neurociencia en los programas graduados de psicología y aumentando el ofrecimiento de cursos de educación continua en neurociencia. 



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