AbstractThe results of over 150 field experiments with sugarcane conducted by the Agricultural Experiment Station of the University of Puerto Rico covering a wide range of varieties and soils of Puerto Rico revealed the following: 1. Nitrogen produced an increase in sucrose content with increased cane yields. When the percentage increase in cane tonnage is plotted against the percentage increase in sucrose percent cane, a highly significant regression is obtained. The equation obtained reveals that a significant increase in sucrose concentration occurs only after increases in yields are over 27 percent. 2. Different nitrogen sources, namely, ammonium nitrate, ammonium sulfate, and Uramon, produced no significant differences in influence on sucrose concentrations. 3. The application of phosphorus had no significant effect on the sucrose content of sugarcane. Cane tonnage responses were also slight. 4. The use of potassium fertilizers did not significantly influence the sucrose content of sugarcane. Where there was an increase in yield, there was generally an increase in sucrose content. Percentage increases in yield of cane, however, were very low, the majority being less than 10 percent. The soils seem to contain sufficient potassium for good sucrose concentrations, and the use of potash as fertilizer does not usually produce any significant increases in sucrose. 5. The minor-element fertilizers produced no significant increases in sucrose content. The use of copper, magnesium, zinc, boron, manganese, calcium, sodium, iron, and sulfur produced no appreciable increases in yield. The majority of percentage yield increases were less than 7, while percentage decreases or increases in sucrose content varied from —3 to +7.
Download data is not yet available.