AbstractPretreatment of sugarcane with the growth hormone gibberellic acid (GA3) and the growth depressant Polaris [N,N-bis (phosphonomethyl) glycine] significantly altered the action spectra for 14C assimilation and transport by leaf tissues. Leaf segments enclosed in a 14CO2 atmosphere were illuminated with discrete wavelengths of equal quantum flux from 400 to 710 nanometers (nm). Both compounds significantly lowered 14C assimilation in the blue, from 437 to 480 nm. Polaris accentuated a green depression at 550 nm while lowering assimilation peaks in the red at 600-640 nm and at 670 nm. Translocation of 14C, as percentages of the total nuclide assimilated, was vastly increased by both materials in the blue-violet (400 nm) and by GA3 in the blue (437-480 nm). Polaris increased transport from the blue-green to yellow (520-600 nm). A high sensitivity of control plants to far-red light (710 nm) was unaffected by either material. These results support the theory that chemical ripening may involve sugar synthesis and transport processes in addition to growth-regulatory effects in sink tissues.
Download data is not yet available.